According to a recent UNEP assessment released on Thursday, India’s per capita GHG emissions in 2020 were 2.4 tCO2e (tonne carbon dioxide equivalent), significantly lower than the global average of 6.3 tCO2e.
Addressing the rates of greenhouse gas emissions from each nation is one of the critical components in accomplishing this long-term temperature objective. India offers some promise with its India greenhouse gas emissions at 2.4, while the statistics from other nations continue to be a source of concern. This figure is regarded as well below the global average.
What is the 2022 GHG Emissions Gap?
The Closing Window, which was published in advance of the United Nations Environment Programme, which will be held in Egypt the following month, also noted that the international community is still falling far short of the Paris goals and that there is no realistic pathway to keeping the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
To combat climate change, nations signed the Paris Agreement in 2015, which aims to keep the increase in global temperature this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and, ideally, at or below 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels.
In 2020, global GHG emissions per capita averaged 6.3 tCO2e. With 14 tCO2e, the US continues to be much above this limit, followed by numerous other nations.
Nations’ Efforts Were Found to be Insufficient
Despite the unanimous agreement being made at the Glasgow (UK) climate conference in 2021, the report concluded that the progress made in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) needs to be revised. The NDC consists of collective strategies and commitments made by nations to slow global temperature increases.
The report, according to UNEP Executive Director Inger Andersen, the report explains what nature has been telling us clearly via the series of natural disasters ravaging the world. He continued; they need to quickly stop adding greenhouse gas emissions to our atmosphere. The Paris Goals were created because the group of nations felt that the time for small-scale improvements had passed and that it was now necessary to take transformative action as soon as possible.
According to an analysis, the world’s GHG emissions would be cut by at least 5% by 2030 if the countries adhered to the unconditional and conditional NDCs as specified.